Adjunct Assistant Professor
B.A. Colgate University, 1987 (Biology and Spanish Literature)
M.S. Washington State University, 1991 (Wildlife Biology)
Ph.D. University of Massachusetts, 2002 (Organismic and Evolutionary Biology)
Biomechanics and Behavior of Migratory Fishes; Bioengineering of Fish Passage Structures
Human activities have caused extensive fragmentation of riverine corridors. Dams, culverts, and other barriers prevent migratory and riverine fishes from accessing key habitats. This is particularly problematic for diadromous fishes like Atlantic salmon and American shad that must transition between fresh- and saltwater habitats in order to complete their life cycles. My research interests focus on identifying conditions that are most conducive to improving passage at barriers. I use an integrative approach, incorporating biomechanics, physiology, ecology, behavior, and engineering. Swimming performance and behavioral responses to hydraulic conditions (turbulence, velocity, etc.) are major interests, as is development of quantitative methods for identifying and characterizing barriers. This work has broad relevance, not only to stewardship and management of aquatic resources, but also to understanding fundamental aspects of the ecology and evolution of fishes. Some current projects include:
Sprint-swimming performance of migratory and riverine species
Effects of turbulence on swimming performance, biomechanics, and behavior
Modeling fish passage through culverts
Bioenergetics models of anadromous fish migrations
Fish passage bioengineering, including biologically relevant measures of passage performance
Physiology, behavior, and passage performance of South American fish species
Castro-Santos, T. and Haro, A. 2008. Fish guidance and passage at barriers. Chapter 4 In "Fish Locomotion: An Etho-Ecological Approach" (P. Domenici and R. W. Blake, Ed.),Science Publishers, Enfield, NH.
Castro-Santos, T., Cotel, A., and Webb, P. W. 2008. Fishway evaluations for better bioengineering -- an integrative approach. In "Challenges for diadromous fishes in a dynamic global environment" (A. Haro, C. M. Moffit, and M. J. Dadswell, Ed.), American Fisheries Society Symposium, Bethesda, MD.
Castro-Santos, T. 2006. Modeling the effect of varying swim speeds on fish passage through velocity barriers. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc., 135: 1230-1237.
Castro-Santos, T. and Haro, A. 2006. Biomechanics and fisheries conservation. In "Fish Physiology Volume 23: Fish Biomechanics" (R. E. Shadwick and G. V. Lauder, Ed.), pp. 469-523. Academic Press, New York.
Castro-Santos, T. 2005. Optimal swim speeds for traversing velocity barriers: an analysis of volitional high-speed swimming behavior of migratory fishes. J. Exp. Biol., 208: 421-432.
Castro-Santos, T. 2004. Quantifying the combined effects of attempt rate and swimming capacity on passage through velocity barriers. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 61: 1602-1615.
Haro, A., Castro-Santos, T., Noreika, J., and Odeh, M. 2004. Swimming performance of upstream migrant fishes in open-channel flow: a new approach to predicting passage through velocity barriers. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 61: 1590-1601.
Castro-Santos, T. and Haro, A. 2003. Quantifying migratory delay: a new application of survival analysis methods. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 60: 986-996.
Haro, A., Odeh, M., Noreika, J., and Castro-Santos, T. 1998. Effect of water acceleration on downstream migratory behavior and passage of Atlantic salmon smolts and juvenile American shad at surface bypasses. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc., 127: 118-127.
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