For inquiries contact Ed
|Wild Rice||Edible Ferns|
|Invasive Species||Living Fossil|
|The Royal Fern|
|Giant Water Moss||Mosses|
The Land Plants themselves constitute a very diverse assemblage of organisms and represent the culmination of over 400,000,000 years of evolution. The first fossils of Land Plants occur in the late Silurian period, the beginning of the Age of Fishes. The only land animals present then were primitive arthropods. Connecticut River Land Plants fall into the following broad groupings:
Bryophytes - nonseed bearing plants, reproduce by
spores, haploid phase is dominant, vascular tissue (xylem and
phloem) is absent. Mosses and Liverworts.
Pteridophytes - nonseed bearing plants, reproduce by spores, diploid phase is dominant, vascular tissue present. Ferns, Horsetails, Clubmosses, Quillworts.
Gymnosperms - seed plants, diploid phase is dominant, vascular tissue present. Conifers: Pines, Spruces, Cedars, Firs.
Angiosperms - seed plants, diploid phase is dominant, vascular tissue present. FLOWERS present. Roses, Daisies, Maples, Elms, Grasses, and many many others!
Bold, H. C. Morphology of Plants. (Any edition) Harper
Bell, A. D. Plant Form: An Illustrated Guide to Flowering
Gifford, E. and Foster, A. Morphology of Vascular Plants.
Harlow, W. And Harrar, E. Textbook of Dendrology. (Forest
Stern, K. R. Introductory Plant Biology. (Any edition)
Raven, P. H., Evert, R. F. And Eichhorn, S. E. Biology of
Fassett, N. C. A Manual of Aquatic Plants. (Any edition)
Tiner, R. W., Jr. A Field Guide to Coastal Wetland Plants of
Magee, D. W. Freshwater Wetlands. University of