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Nucleotide Sequence of the Xdh Region in Drosophila pseudoobscura and an Analysis of the Evolution of Synonymous Codons

Authors

MA Riley

Abstract

The nucleotide sequence of the Xdh region of Drosophila pseudoobscura is presented. The Xdh gene structure and organization are compared with the homologous region in D. melanogaster. This locus is shown to have similar organization in the two species, although an additional intron and three insertion/deletion events are described for the D. pseudoobscura coding region. The encoded proteins are predicted to have very similar charges and hydrophobic/hydrophilic domains even though 11% of the amino acids are different. A gene 5’ to Xdh, putative 1(3)s12, is suggested from sequence similarity between the species. Synonymous differences at the Xdh locus between the two species are analyzed using a new method described in the preceding paper by Lewontin. This analysis shows that synonymous positions within the Xdh locus are evolving at very different rates, being dependent on level of codon redundancy. A comparison of synonymous divergence between D. melanogaster and D. pseudoobscura in five additional genes reveals variation in the level of synonymous substitution.

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