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McCormick Laboratory
Environmental Physiology of Fish

University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Lab Publications:

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McCormick, S.D., Regish, A.M., Christensen, A.K. and Björnsson, B.Th. 2013.

Differential regulation of sodium-potassium pump isoforms during smolt development and seawater exposure of Atlantic salmon.

Journal of Experimental Biology 216:1142-1151.


McCormick, S.D., Sheehan, T., Björnsson, B.Th., Lipsky, C., Kocik, J., Regish, A.M. and O'Dea, M.F. 2013.

Physiological and endocrine changes in Atlantic salmon smolts during hatchery rearing, downstream migration and ocean entry.

Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 70:105-118.


Breves, J.P., Serizier, S.B., Goffin, V., McCormick, S.D. and Karlstrom, R.O. 2013.

Prolactin regulates transcription of the ion uptake Na+/Cl- cotransporter (ncc) gene in zebrafish gill.

Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 369:98-106.


Hiroi, J. and McCormick, S.D. 2012.

New insights into gill ionocyte and ion transporter function in euryhaline and diadromous fish.

Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology 184:257-268


Robertson, L.S. and S. D. McCormick. 2012.

Transcriptional profiling of the parr-smolt transformation in Atlantic salmon.

Comparative Biochemistry & Physiology D-Genomics and Proteomics 7: 351-360.


Lerner, D.T., Sheridan, M.A. and McCormick, S.D. 2012.

Estrogenic compounds decrease growth hormone receptor abundance and alter osmoregulation in Atlantic salmon.

General and Comparative Endocrinology 179: 196-204.


Robertson, L.S. and McCormick, S.D. 2012.

The effect of nonylphenol on gene expression in Atlantic salmon smolts.

Aquatic Toxicology 122-123:36-43.


Christensen, A.K., Hiroi, J., Schultz, E.T. and McCormick, S.D. 2012.

Branchial ionocyte organization and ion-transport protein expression in juvenile alewives acclimated to freshwater or seawater.

Journal of Experimental Biology 215: 642-652.


Yada, T., McCormick, S.D. and Hyodo, S. 2012.

Effects of environmental salinity, biopsy, and GH and IGF-1 administration on the expression of immune and osmoregulatory genes in the gills of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar).

Aquaculture 362-363:177-183.


McCormick, S.D., Lerner, D.T., Regish, A.M., O'Dea, M.F. and Monette, M.Y. 2012.

Thresholds for short-term acid and aluminum impacts on Atlantic salmon smolts.

Aquaculture 362-363:224-231.


Hanson, A., Kittilson, J., McCormick, S.D. and Sheridan, M. 2012.

Effects of 17β-estradiol, 4-nonylphenol, and β-sitosterol on the growth hormone-insulin-like growth factor system and seawater adaptation of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

Aquaculture 362-363:241-247


Steffanson, S., Hangland, M., Björnsson, B.Th., McCormick, S.D., Holm, M., Ebbesson, L.O., Holst, J.C. and Nilsen, T.O. 2012.

Growth, osmoregulation and endocrine changes in wild Atlantic salmon post-smolts during marine migration.

Aquaculture 362-363:127-136.


Liebich, T., McCormick, S.D., Kircheis, D., Johnson, K., Regal, R. and Hrabik, T. 2011.

Water chemistry and its effects on the physiology and survival of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar smolts

Journal of Fish Biology 79: 502-519.


Iwanowicz, L.R., Blazer, V.S., Hitt, N.P., McCormick, S.D., DeVault, D.S. and Ottinger, C.A. 2011.

Histologic, immunologic and endocrine biomarkers indicate contaminant effects in fishes of the Ashtabula River.

Ecotoxicology 21: 165-182.


McCormick, S.D. 2011.

The Hormonal Control of Osmoregulation in Teleost Fish.

In: Farrell A.P., (ed.), Encyclopedia of Fish Physiology: From Genome to Environment, Volume 2, pp. 1466-1473. San Diego: Academic Press.


Björnsson, B.Th., Stefansson, S.O. and McCormick, S.D. 2011.

Environmental Endocrinology of salmon smoltification.

General and Comparative Endocrinology 170: 290-298.


Close, D., McCormick, S.D. and Li, W. 2010.

11-deoxycortisol is a corticosteroid hormone in lamprey.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107: 13942-13947.


Monette, M.Y., Yada, T., Matey, V. and McCormick, S.D. 2010.

Physiological, molecular and cellular mechanisms of impaired seawater tolerance following exposure of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, smolts to acid and aluminum.

Aquatic Toxicology 99: 17-32.


McCormick, S.D., Regish, A.M. and Christensen, A.K. 2009.

Distinct freshwater and seawater isoforms of Na+/K+-ATPase in gill chloride cells of Atlantic salmon.

Journal of Experimental Biology 212: 3994-4001.


Husak, J.F., Irschick, D.J., McCormick, S.D. and Moore, I.T. 2009.

Hormonal regulation of whole-animal performance: implications for selection.

Integrative and Comparative Biology 49: 349-353.


McCormick, S.D. 2009.

Evolution of the hormonal control of animal performance: insights from the seaward migration of salmon.

Integrative and Comparative Biology 49: 408-422.


Frank, H.J., Mather, M.E., Smith, J.M., Muth, R.M., Finn, J.T. and McCormick, S.D. 2009.

What is "fallback"?: metrics needed to assess telemetry tag effects on anadromous fish behavior.

Hydrobiologia 635: 237-249.


McCormick, S.D., Lerner D.T., Monette M.Y., Nieves-Puigdoller K., Kelly J.T. and Björnsson. B.Th. 2009.

Taking it with you when you go: how perturbations to the freshwater environment, including temperature, dams and contaminants, affects seawater performance of anadromous fish.

Challenges For Diadromous Fishes in a Dynamic Global Environment. American Fisheries Society Symposium 69, 195-214. Bethesda, Maryland, USA. Editors: Haro, A. J., K. L. Smith, R. A. Rulifson, C. M. Moffitt, R. J. Klauda, M. J. Dadswell, R. A. Cunjak, J. E. Cooper, K. L. Beal, and T. S. Avery.


Denver, R.J., Hopkins, P.M., McCormick, S.D., Propper, C.R., Riddiford, J.C., Sower, S.A. and Wingfield, J.C. 2009.

Comparative endocrinology in the 21st century.

Integrative and Comparative Biology 49: 339-348.


Iwanowicz, L.R., Blazer, V.S., McCormick, S.D., Van Veld, P.A. and Ottinger, C.A. 2009.

Aroclor 1248 exposure leads to immunomodulation, decreased disease resistance and endocrine disruption in the brown bullhead, Ameiurus nebulosus.

Aquatic Toxicology 93: 70-82.


McCormick, S.D., Keyes, A., Monette, M.Y. and Nislow, K.H. 2009.

Impacts of episodic acidification on in-stream survival and physiological impairment of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar).

Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 66: 394-403.


Smith, J.M., Mather, M.E., Frank, H.J., Muth, R.M., Finn, J.T. and McCormick, S.D. 2009.

Evaluation of a gastric radio tag insertion technique for anadromous river herring.

North American Journal of Fisheries Management 29: 367-377.


Monette, M.Y., Björnsson, B.Th. and McCormick, S.D. 2008.

Effects of short-term acid and aluminum exposure on the parr-smolt transformation of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar): disruption of seawater tolerance and endocrine status.

General and Comparative Endocrinology 158: 122-130.


Hiroi, J., Yasumasu, S., McCormick, S.D., Hwang, P.-P. and Kaneko, T. 2008.

Evidence for an apical Na-Cl cotransporter involved in ion uptake in a teleost fish.

Journal of Experimental Biology 211: 2584-2500.


Stefansson, S.O., Björnsson, B.Th., Ebbesson, L.O.E. and McCormick, S.D. 2008.

Smoltification.

In: Fish Larval Physiology (Finn, R.N. and Kapoor, B.G., Eds). Science Publishers, Inc. Enfield (NH) & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi ISBN 978-1-57808-388-6.


McCormick, S.D., O?Dea, M. and Regish, A. Shrimpton, J.M.. 2008.

Are we missing a mineralocorticoid in fish? Effects of cortisol, deoxycorticosterone and aldosterone on osmoregulation, gill Na+,K+-ATPase activity and isoform mRNA levels in Atlantic salmon.

General and Comparative Endocrinology 157: 35-40.


Monette, M.Y. and McCormick, S.D. 2008

Impacts of short-term acid and aluminum exposure on Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) physiology: a direct comparison of parr and smolts.

Aquatic Toxicology 86(2): 216-226


Reis-Santos, P., McCormick, S.D. and Wilson, J.M. 2008

Ionoregulatory changes during metamorphosis and salinity exposure of juvenile sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus L.).

Journal of Experimental Biology 211: 978-988


Nilsen, T.O., Ebbesson, L.O.E., Kiilerich,P., Björnsson, B.Th., Madsen, S.S., McCormick, S.D. and Stefansson, S.O. 2008

Endocrine systems in juvenile anadromous and landlocked Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar).

General and Comparative Endocrinology 155: 762-772


Poppinga, J., Kittilson, J., McCormick, S.D. and Sheridan, M.A. 2007

Effects of somatostatin on the growth hormone-insulin-like growth factor axis and seawater adaptation of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

Aquaculture 273: 312-319


Nilsen, T.O., Ebbesson, L.O.E., Madsen, S.S., McCormick, S.D., Andersson, E., Björnsson, B.Th., Prunet, P., and Stefansson, S.O. 2007

Differential expression of gill Na+/K+-ATPase α- and β-subunits, Na+/K+/2Cl- cotransporter and CFTR anion channel in juvenile anadromous and landlocked Atlantic salmon Salmo salar.

Journal of Experimental Biology 210: 2885-2896


Mackie, P.M., Gharbi,K., Ballantyne, J.S., McCormick, S.D. and P.A. Wright. 2007

Na+/K+/2Cl- cotransporter and CFTR gill expression after seawater transfer in smolts (0+) of different Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) families.

Aquaculture 272: 625-635


Mancera, J.M. and McCormick, S.D. 2007

Role of prolactin, growth hormone, insulin-like growth factor I and cortisol in fish osmoregulation.

In: Fish Osmoregulation (Baldisserotto B., Mancera J.M. and Kapoor B.G., Eds). Sciencie Publishers, Inc. Enfield (NH) & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi ISBN 978-1-57808-447-0


Hiroi, J. and McCormick, S.D. 2007

Variation in salinity tolerance, gill Na+/K+-ATPase, Na+/K+/2Cl- cotransporter and mitochondrion-rich cell distribution among three salmonids Salvelinus namaycush, Salvelinus fontinalis and Salmo salar.

Journal of Experimental Biology 210: 1015-1024


Nieves-Puigdoller, K., Björnsson, B.Th. and McCormick, S.D. 2007

Detrimental effects of hexazinone and atrazine on Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) smolt.

Aquatic Toxicology 84: 27-37


Lerner, D.T., Björnsson, B.Th. and McCormick, S.D. 2007

Larval exposure to 4-nonylphenol and 17β-estradiol affects physiological and behavioral development of seawater adaptation in Atlantic salmon smolts.

Environmental Science & Technology 41: 4479-4485


Stefansson, S.O., Nilsen, T.O., Ebbesson, L.O.E., Wargelius, A., Madsen, S.S., Björnsson, B.Th. and McCormick, S.D.. 2007

Differential hormonal responses of Atlantic salmon parr and smolt to increased daylength: a possible developmental basis for smolting.

Aquaculture 273: 235-245


McCormick, S.D., Shrimpton, J.M., Moriyama, S. and Björnsson, B.Th. 2007

Differential hormonal responses of Atlantic salmon parr and smolt to increased daylength: a possible developmental basis for smolting.

Aquaculture 273: 337-344


Lerner, D.T., Björnsson, B.Th. and McCormick, S.D. 2007

Aqueous exposure to 4-nonylphenol and 17β-estradiol increases stress sensitivity and disrupts ion regulatory ability of juvenile Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar.

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 26: 1433-1440


Lerner, D.T., Björnsson, B.Th. and McCormick, S.D. 2006

Effects of aqueous exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (Arocolor 1254) on physiology and behavior of smolt development of Atlantic salmon.

Aquatic Toxicology 81: 329-336


Sakamoto, T. and McCormick, S.D. 2006

Role of prolactin and growth hormone in osmoregulation of teleost fish.

General and Comparative Endocrinology 147: 24-30


McCormick, S.D. and Bradshaw, D. 2006

Hormonal control of salt and water balance in vertebrates.

General and Comparative Endocrinology 147: 3-8


Rees, C.B., McCormick, S.D. and Li, W. 2005

A non-lethal method to estimate CYP1A expression in laboratory and wild Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar).

Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C 141: 217-224


Hiroi, J., McCormick, S.D., Ohtani-Kaneko, R. and Kaneko, T. 2005

Functional classification of mitochondrion-rich cells in euryhaline Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) embryos, by means of triple immunoflourescence staining for Na+/K+-ATPase, Na+/K+/2Cl- contransporter and CFTR anion channel.

Journal of Experimental Biology 208: 2023-2036


Luo, Q., Ban, M., Ando, H., Kitahashi, T., Bhandari, R.K., McCormick, S.D. and Urano, A. 2005

Distinct effects of 4-nonylphenol and estrogen-17β on expression of estrogen receptor a gene in smolting sockeye salmon.

Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C 140: 123-130


McCormick, S.D., O'Dea, M.F., Moeckel, A.M., Lerner, D.T. and Björnsson, B.Th. 2005

Endocrine disruption of parr-smolt transformation and seawater tolerance of Atlantic salmon by 4-nonylphenol and 17β-estradiol.

General and Comparative Endocrinology 142: 280-288


Reinecke, M., Björnsson, B.Th., Dickhoff, W.W., McCormick, S.D., Navarro, I., Power, D.M. and Guitierrez, J. 2005

Growth hormone and insulin-like growth factors in fish: Where are we and where to go.

General and Comparative Endocrinology 142: 20-24


Iwanowicz, L.R., Lerner, D.T., Blazer, V.S. and McCormick, S.D. 2005

Aqueous exposure to Aroclor 1254 modulates the mitogenic response of Atlantic salmon anterior kidney T-cells: Indications of short- and long-term immunomodulation.

Aquatic Toxicology 72: 305-314


Jackson, L.F., McCormick, S.D., Madsen, S.S., Swanson, P. and Sullivan, C.V. 2005

Osmoregulatory effects of hypophysectomy and homologous prolactin replacement in hybrid striped bass.

Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part B 140: 211-218


Marshall, W.S., Cozzi, R.R.F., Pelis, R.M. and McCormick, S.D. 2005

Cortisol receptor blockade and seawater adaptation in the euryhaline teleost Fundulus heteroclitus.

Journal of Experimental Zoology 303A: 132-142


Zydlewdski, G.B., Haro, A.J. and McCormick, S.D. 2005

Evidence for cumulative temperature as an initiating and terminating factor in downstream migratory behavior of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) smolts. 

Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 62: 68-78.


Handeland, S.O., Wilkinson, E., Sveinsbo, B., McCormick, S.D. and Stefansson, S.O. 2004

Temperature influence on the development and loss of seawater tolerance in two fast-growing strains of Atlantic salmon.

Aquaculture 233: 513-529


Rees, C.B., McCormick, S.D., Vanden Heuvel, J.P. and Li, W. 2003

Quantitative analysis of CYP1A induction in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar).

Aquatic Toxicology 62: 67-78


Magee, J. A., Obedzinski, M., McCormick, S.D. and Kocik, J. F. 2003

Effects of episodic acidification on Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) smolts.

Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 60: 214-221


McCormick, S.D., O'Dea, M.F., Moeckel, A.M. and Björnsson, B.Th. 2003

Endocrine and physiological changes in Atlantic salmon smolts following hatchery release.

Aquaculture 222: 45-57


Singer, T.D., Finstad, B., McCormick, S.D., Wiseman, S.B., Schulte, P.M. and McKinley, R.S. 2003

Interactive effects of cortisol treatment and ambient seawater challenge on gill Na+/K+-ATPase and CFTR expression in two strains of Atlantic salmon smolts.

Aquaculture 222: 15-28


Shrimpton, J.M. and McCormick, S.D. 2003

Environmental and endocrine control of gill corticosteroid receptor number and affinity in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) during smolting.

Aquaculture 222: 83-99


Stefansson, S.O., McGinnity, P., Björnsson, B.Th., Schreck, C.B. and McCormick, S.D. 2003

The importance of smolt development to salmon conservation, culture and management: perspectives from the 6th International Workshop on Salmonid Smoltification.

Aquaculture 222: 15-28


Stefansson, S.O., Björnsson, B.Th., Sundell, K., Nyhammer, G. and McCormick, S.D.</i> 2003

Physiological characteristics of wild Atlantic salmon post-smolts during estuarine and coastal migration.

Journal of Fish Biology 63: 942-955


Pelis, R.M. and McCormick, S.D. 2003

Fin development in stream- and hatchery-reared Atlantic salmon.

Aquaculture 220: 525-536


McCormick, S.D., Sundell, K., Björnsson, B.Th, Brown, C.L. and Hiroi, J. 2003

Influence of salinity on the localization of Na+/K+-ATPase, Na+/K+/2Cl- cotransporter (NKCC) and CFTR anion channel in chloride cells of the Hawaiian goby (Stenogobius hawaiiensis).

Journal of Experimental Biology 206: 4575-4583


Zydlewski, J., McCormick, S.D. and Kunkel, J. 2003

Late migration and seawater entry is physiologically disadvantageous for American shad juveniles.

Journal of Fish Biology 63, 1521-1537


Shrimpton, J.M. and McCormick, S.D. 2002

Seasonal changes in androgen levels in stream- and hatchery-reared Atlantic salmon and their relationship to smolting.

Journal of Fish Biology 61: 1294-1304


McCormick, S.D., Shrimpton, J.M., Moriyama, S. and Björnsson, B.T. 2002

Effects of an advanced temperature cycle on smolt development and endocrinology indicate that temperature is not a zeitgeber for smolting in Atlantic salmon.

Journal of Experimental Biology 205: 3553-3560


Pelis, R.M., Zydlewski, J. and McCormick, S.D. 2001

Gill Na+/K+/2Cl- cotransporter abundance and location in Atlantic salmon: effects of seawater and smolting.

American Journal of Physiology 280: R1844-R1852


Pelis, R.M. and McCormick, S.D. 2001

Effects of growth hormone and cortisol on Na+/K+/2Cl- cotransporter localization and abundance in the gills of Atlantic salmon.

General and Comparative Endocrinology 124 (2):134-143, 2001


Leonard, J.B.K. and McCormick, S.D. 2001

Metabolic enzyme activity in stream- and hatchery-reared Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar).

Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 58:1585-1593


Zydlewski, G.B., Haro, A., Whalen, K.G. and McCormick, S.D. 2001

Performance of stationary and portable passive transponder detection systems for monitoring of fish movements.

Journal of Fish Biology 58:1471-1475


Shrimpton, J.M. Zydlewski, J.D. and McCormick, S.D. 2001

The stress response of juvenile American shad to handling and confinement is greater during migration in freshwater than in seawater.

Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 130:1203-1210


Zydlewski, J.D. and McCormick, S.D. 2001

Developmental and environmental regulation of chloride cells in young American shad, Alosa sapidissima.

Journal of Experimental Zoology 290:73-87


Magee, J.A., Haines, T.A., Kocik, J.F., Beland, K.F. and McCormick, S.D. 2001

Effects of acidity and aluminum on the physiology and migratory behavior of Atlantic salmon smolts in Maine, USA.

Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 130:881-886


McCormick, S.D. 2001

Endocrine control of osmoregulation in teleost fish.

American Zoologist 41: 781-794


McCormick, S.D., Moriyama, S. and Björnsson, B.Th. 2000

Low temperature limits the regulatory control of photoperiod: endocrinology of smolting in Atlantic salmon.

American Journal of Physiology 278: R1352-R1361


Persson, P., Shrimpton, J.M., McCormick, S.D. and Björnsson, B.Th. 2000

The presence of high-affinity, low-capacity estradiol 17ß binding in rainbow trout scale indicates a possible endocrine route for the regulation of scale resorption.

General and Comparative Endocrinology 120: 35-43


Mancera, J.M. and McCormick, S.D. 2000

Rapid activation of gill Na+/K+-ATPase in the euryhaline teleost Fundulus heteroclitus.

Journal of Experimental Zoology 287:263-274


Shrimpton, J.M. Björnsson, B.Th. and McCormick, S.D. 2000

Can Atlantic salmon smolt twice? Endocrine and biochemical changes during smolting.

Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 57:1969-1976


Marshall, W.S., Emberley, T.R., Singer, T.D., Bryson, S.E. and McCormick, S.D. 1999

Time course of salinity adaptation in a strongly euryhaline estuarine teleost, Fundulus heteroclitus: A multiparameter approach.

Journal of Experimental Biology 202:1535-1544


Leonard, J.B.K. and McCormick, S.D. 1999

The effect of migration distance and timing on metabolic enzyme activity in an anadromous clupeid, the American shad (Alosa sapidissima).

Fish Physiology and Biochemistry 20:163-179


Leonard, J.B.K. and McCormick, S.D. 1999

Changes in haematology during upstream migration in American shad.

Journal of Fish Biology 20:163-179


Shrimpton, J.M. and McCormick, S.D. 1999

Responsiveness of gill Na+/K+-ATPase to cortisol is related to gill corticosteroid receptor concentration in juvenile rainbow trout.

Journal of Experimental Biology 202: 987-995


Whalen, K.G., Parrish, D.L. and McCormick, S.D. 1999

Migration timing of Atlantic salmon smolts relative to environmental and physiological factors.

Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 128: 289-301


Leonard, J.B.K. and McCormick, S.D. 1999

The effect of migration distance on whole body and tissue-specific energy use in American shad (Alosa sapidissima).

Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 56: 1159-1171


Leonard, J.B.K., Norieka, J.F., Kynard, B. and McCormick, S.D. 1999

Metabolic rates in an anadromous clupeid, the American shad (Alosa sapidissima).

Journal of Comparative Physiology 169: 287-295


McCormick, S.D., Cunjak, R.A., Dempson, B., O'Dea, M.F. and Carey, J.B. 1999

Temperature-related loss of smolt characteristics in Atlantic salmon in the wild.

Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 56: 1649-1658


Mancera, J.M. and McCormick, S.D. 1999

Influence of cortisol, growth hormone, insulin-like growth factor I and 3,3',5-triiodo-L-thyronine on hypoosmoregulatory ability in the euryhaline teleost Fundulus heteroclitus.

Fish Physiology and Biochemistry 21: 25-33


Shrimpton, J.M. and McCormick, S.D. 1998

Regulation of gill cytosolic corticosteroid receptors in juvenile Atlantic salmon: Interaction effects of growth hormone with prolactin and triiodothyronine.

General and Comparative Endocrinology 112: 262-274


Mancera, J.M. and McCormick, S.D. 1998

Evidence for growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor I axis regulation of seawater acclimation in the euryhaline teleost Fundulus heteroclitus.

General and Comparative Endocrinology 111: 103-112


McCormick, S.D., Shrimpton, J.M., Carey, J.B., O'Dea, M.F., Sloan, K.E., Moriyama, S. and Björnsson, B.Th. 1998

Repeated acute stress reduces growth rate of Atlantic salmon parr and alters plasma growth hormone, insulin-like growth factor I and cortisol.

Aquaculture 168: 221-235


Carey, J.B. and McCormick, S.D. 1998

Atlantic salmon smolts are more responsive to handling and confinement stress than parr.

Aquaculture 168: 237-253


Shrimpton, J.M. and McCormick, S.D. 1998

Seasonal differences in plasma cortisol and gill corticosteroid receptors in upper and lower mode juvenile Atlantic salmon.

Aquaculture 168: 205-219


Mancera, J.M. and McCormick, S.D. 1998

Osmoregulatory actions of the GH/IGF axis in non-salmonid teleosts.

Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B 121: 43-48


McCormick, S.D, Hansen, L.P., Quinn, T.P. and Saunders, R.L. 1998

Movement, migration and smolting in Atlantic salmon.

Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 55(Suppl. 1): 77-92


Parrish, D.L., Behnke, R.J., Gephard, S.R., McCormick, S.D. and Reeves, G.H. 1998

Why aren't there more Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)?

Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 55(Suppl. 1): 281-287


McCormick, S.D., Shrimpton, J.M. and Zydlewski, J. 1997

Temperature effects on osmoregulatory physiology of anadromous fish.

In: Global Warming: Implications for Freshwater and Marine Fish. Editors: C.M. Wood and D.G. McDonald. Cambridge University Press. Pp. 279-301.


Zydlewki, J. and McCormick, S.D. 1997

The ontogeny of salinity tolerance in American shad, Alosa sapidissima.

Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 54: 182-189


Zydlewki, J. and McCormick, S.D. 1997

The loss of hyperosmoregulatory ability in migrating juvenile American shad, Alosa sapidissima.

Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 54: 2377-2387


McCormick, S.D. 1996

Effects of growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor I on salinity tolerance and gill Na+/K+-ATPase in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar): interaction with cortisol.

General and Comparative Endocrinology 101: 3-11


Clarke, W.C., Saunders, R.L. and McCormick, S.D. 1996

Smolt Production

In: Principles of Salmonid Culture. Eds:W. Pennel and B.A. Barton. CRC Press, Elsevier. pp. 517-567.


McCormick, S.D. 1995

Hormonal control of gill Na+/K+-ATPase and chloride cell function.

In: Fish Physiology, Vol. 14, Cellular and Molecular Approaches to Fish Ionic Regulation. Ed.: C.M. Wood and T.J. Shuttleworth. Academic Press, New York. Pp. 285-315.


McCormick, S.D., Björnsson, B.Th., Sheridan, M., Eilertson, C., Carey, J.B. and O'Dea, M. 1995

Increased daylength stimulates plasma growth hormone and gill Na+/K+-ATPase in Atlantic salmon.

Journal of Comparative Physiology 165B: 245-254


Young, G., McCormick, S.D., Björnsson, B.T. and Bern, H.A. 1995

Circulating growth hormone, cortisol and thyroxine levels after 24-hour seawater challenge of yearling coho salmon at different developmental stages.

Aquaculture 136: 371-384


McCormick, S.D. 1994

Ontogeny and evolution of salinity tolerance in anadromous salmonids: hormones and heterochrony.

Estuaries 17:26-33


McCormick, S.D. and Björnsson, B.Th. 1994

Physiological and hormonal differences among Atlantic salmon migrants and non-migrants reared in the wild, and hatchery smolts.

Aquaculture 121:235-244


Tsai, P.I., Madsen, S.S., McCormick, S.D. and Bern, H.A. 1994

Endocrine control of cartilage growth in coho salmon: GH influence in vivo on the response to IGF-I in vitro.

Zoological Science 11: 299-303


Madsen, S.S., McCormick, S.D., Young, G., Endersen, J.S., Nishioka, R.S. and Bern, H.A. 1994

Physiology of seawater acclimation in the striped bass, Morone saxatilis (Walbaum).

Fish Physiology and Biochemistry 13:1-11


McCormick, S.D. 1994

Opercular membranes and skin.

In: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Fishes, Vol. III, Analytical Techniques. Ed.: P.W. Hochachka and T.P. Mommsen, Elsevier, Amsterdam. Chapter 20, pp 231-238.


McCormick, S.D. 1993

Methods for non-lethal gill biopsy and measurement of Na+/K+-ATPase activity.

Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 50: 656-658