About the Science

Inspired by the distinctive qualities found in animals like lizards, snakes, and sharks, we investigate some of the most fundamental questions in evolutionary biology and ecology. Our integrative approach to understanding the evolution of form and function incorporates novel technologies to understand the mechanics of how animals move, revolutionary laboratory and modelling techniques to define anatomy, and evolutionary methodology to reveal the origins of species-specific traits.

Why it Matters

Our research has led to breakthroughs with exciting benefits for humans.

Our investigations into the anatomy, ecology, and function of geckos has contributed to the creation of a novel gecko-inspired adhesive. In a collaboration with UMass Polymer Scientist Al Crosby, our laboratory has shown how gecko anatomy can explain why Geckskin™ can hold 700 pounds on a smooth surface. This super-adhesive will transform our daily lives, both at home and at work. Our research on sharks, which reveals how they move and interact with people, may lead to new ways of conserving these amazing animals. Perhaps the most satisfying part of our work is to explore the remarkable diversity and beauty of the natural world and to deepen our understanding of the evolutionary process.

Research Areas

Gecko Adhesion

Photo credit: T. Hoogendyk & A. Slocombe

The ability of geckos to climb almost any surface with ease has long fascinated humans. We combine studies of evolution, anatomy, biomechanics, and material science to reveal the mystery of how geckos perform these amazing feats.

Animal Performance in Nature

While most research on animal movement takes place in the laboratory, animals exist in a complex environment in which they must navigate many challenges. We apply cutting edge technologies and techniques to both understand how animals move in nature, but why they move the way they do.

Form & Function in Sharks

Sharks. Photo credit Jim Abernathy.

Sharks are among the most poorly understood and enigmatic species on the planet. Working with live sharks, such as this tiger shark (Galeocerdo cuvier), we integrate studies of form with data on movement, health, and diet, to determine the causes of complex shark movement patterns.

Biomechanics

We employ novel methods to open up new windows into understanding how animals can perform dynamic motions, such as this custom lizard-sized force plate that measures minute forces generated during jumping by this twig anole (Anolis valencienni).

Sexual Selection

A big-headed anole (Anolis cybotes) extending its dewlap

Why do animals possess exaggerated sexual signals, such as the dewlap on this big-headed anole (Anolis cybotes) from the Dominican Republic? Our lab employs observational, experimental and modeling approaches to tease apart these complex phenomena.